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二十世纪三四十年代天主教在塞北的慈善与人道救助

2014-10-29 11:04:17 | 作者:徐建平Xu Jianping (河北师大历史文化学院) School of history and culture,Hebei Normal University

二十世纪三四十年代,天主教会在塞北地区广泛开展公益慈善和人道救助活动,尤其在绥远、察哈尔等多民族聚居之地,进行医疗救护、慈善救济和教育慈善等工作,取得了一定成效。在医疗救助方面,天主教会平时主要通过建立医院施药救济,并通过建立救护学校培养医学人才;在战时,天主教会通过建立救护队,在天主教医院对伤员进行救护。教会还通过加入红十字会及慈善团体救灾委员会,协同工作,并向教胞筹募款项支援中华民族抗战。在慈善救济方面,教会制定了农民救济法,春天给农民发放种子,冬天发放粮食、棉衣等,并建立孤儿院,收养孤儿。在教育慈善工作方面,教会通过兴办学校向民众普及知识,为中国教育发展做出了一定贡献。

Abstract: During the 1930s-1940s, the Catholic Church carried out various charitable activities, such as medical, educational, and poverty-relief works, in Saibei area, especially in the ethnically populated Suiyuan and Chahar area. All of these activities had made certain achievements. During the war time, the Catholic Church also organized medical teams to care for the injured in Church-run hospitals. At the same time, the Church called on their faithful to raise fund to support the anti-Japanese war. Meeting the needs of farmers, the Church delivered seeds during the Spring season, and food and clothes during the Winter. By setting up orphanages and schools, the Catholic Church provided not only shelters for the orphans but also education to the ordinary people. The contributions are very obvious.

关键词: 人道 年代 


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