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段琦 Prof. Duan qi (中国社科院世界宗教研究所) (The Institute of World Religions,Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

论文摘要:上海圣彼得堂原属圣公会,正式建堂是1899年。自1931年九一八事变之后做了大量的工作,特别1932年的一二八事变和1937年八一三事变之后数月中该堂尽其所能地收容难民,两次前后收留的难民总数达千余人之多。该堂还为九一八沦陷的东三省同胞和一些灾区同胞捐物捐款,为本教会内贫困信徒发放半价米,慰劳前线战士。此外附属该堂的广仁医院还派了一批护士信徒支援内地。

该堂通过如下几个方面来募集救助资金和物品:

一、尽量动员信徒多多奉献特殊捐;

二、发起“三元救一命运动”;

三、教会紧缩各种开支,包括不搞圣诞切庆典,用省下的钱救助更多的人;

四、提倡“克已罐”;

五、妇女团契和青年团契搞义卖活动。通过这些活动不仅筹集到资金和物品帮助了难民,而且增强了信徒“国家有难、人人有责”的爱国主义情操。
本文正是通过对这一堂口在抗战时的做的人道主义救助活动,表明在国难当头,广大信徒高尚的爱国情操。
上海圣彼得堂在抗战时期人道主义的救助活动摘要
上海圣彼得堂原属圣公会,正式建堂是1899年。自1931年九一八事变之后做了大量的工作,特别1932年的一二八事变和1937年八一三事变之后数月中该堂尽其所能地收容难民,两次前后收留的难民总数达千人之多。该堂还为九一八沦陷的东三省同胞和一些灾区同胞捐物捐款,为本教会内贫困信徒发放半价米,慰劳前线战士。此外附属该堂的广仁医院还派了一批护士信徒支援内地。
该堂通过如下几个方面来募集救助资金和物品:一是尽量动员信徒捐献;二是发起“三元救一命运动”;三是提倡“克已罐”;四是教会紧缩各种开支,包括不搞圣诞切庆典,用省下的钱救助更多的人;五是妇女团契和青年团契搞义卖活动。通过这些活动不仅筹集到资金和物品帮助了难民,而且增强了信徒“国家有难、人人有责”的爱国主义情操。
本文正是通过对这一堂口在抗战时的做的人道主义救助活动,表明在国难当头,广大信徒高尚的爱国情操。

Abstract: St. Peter’s Church in Shanghai originally belongs to the Anglican Church and it was officially built in 1899. This church made a lot of work since the September 18th Incident in 1931. In particular, the church did all it can do to accept refugees in the January 28th Incident of 1932 and the August 13th Incident of 1937, during the before and after which the church harbored more than two thousands refugees. The church offered donations of money and materials to the regions of the three northeast provinces and other disaster areas; and also gave out the half-priced rice to the church believers out of poverty, as extending its regards to the front soldiers as well. Moreover, the Guangren hospital affiliated to the church dispatched some believer nurses to support the mainland.
The church through the following several aspects to raise relief funds and goods: First, to mobilize the believers to donation; Second, to launch the “three yuan save a life” movement; Third, to advocate “the self-control jar”; Fourth, to cut spending to save people, including no Christmas Celebrations; Fifth, to do charity sales by the women fellowship and youth groups. These activities not only raised money and goods to help the refugees, and also enhanced the believers patriotic sentiment of “everybody is responsible for national calamity”.
By describing these humanitarian relief activities of St. Peter’s Church in Shanghai during the anti-Japanese war, this article suggests that the mass of believers had noble patriotic sentiment while the country was faced with a crisis.

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