王文涛/许秀文 Wang Wentao & Xu Xiuwen
关键词：东汉 魏晋南北朝 宗教 佛教 道教 慈善
The origins and development of religious charity in the period of Eastern Han, Wei ,Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties
Wang Wentao & Xu Xiuwen
Abstract：The Eastern Han，Wei，Jin，Northern and Southern Dynasties are an important period in the history of China charity. Buddhist charity and charity Taoism originated in the Eastern Han Dynasty. Buddhism has formed the first climax of the development of Buddhism in the period of Wei,Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties, Buddhist charity gradually flourishing too .The main contents of Buddhist charity thought is the retribution theory and the concept of mercy. Charitable activities range is very wide, involving charity propaganda, relief poor, medical aid, food relief, dig wells for everyone and relief the inmates etc.. As a native religion ,Taoism in Wei ,Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties has been further enriched and developed. Goodness preaching to evil, save the poor became important part of the charity of Taoism, but the effect is much smaller than the Buddhist charity .