信德文化研究所主页

雷立柏 Prof. Leopold Leeb (中国人民大学文学院 Renmin University, School of Liberal Arts)

内容提要:本文介绍北京辅仁大学的历史发展和抗战时期的具体情况。当时日本人控制北京的教育界,而辅仁大学能保持独立的教育,没有被迫保用日本语课本,甚至可以组织一些积极的抗战活动和帮助学生和老师逃到后方,成为抗日活动的基地和孤岛,这可以说是一种奇迹。1937年后北京全面受日军的控制,但辅仁大学因为特殊的外交关系,通过德国传教士的沟通和谈判,能在抗战时期保持相当大的独立性,通过教育和文化传播进行“精神性的抗日”,强化中国人的信心和希望。这种抗日活动的核心人物,如英千里和伏开鹏几次被捕,为他们的抗日活动他们也付出了很大的代价,但由于各种原因没有被日本军官杀害。圣言会的外籍传教士与中国教师有密切合作,他们提供条件让学校继续开学,并强调中国文化研究(汉学研究、中国建筑、中国艺术、本地圣职人员进修班),这样强化中国人的爱国精神和自豪感。

Abstract:The Catholic University of Beijing (Fu Jen University) suffered under the Japanese occupation of Beijing 1937. However, the leadership of the university managed to negotiate a certain amount of freedom, thus they did not have to use Japanese textbooks and could even organize some resistance groups. Some outstanding Catholics had to suffer for their courageous efforts, such as Ying Qianli and Fr. Fu Kaipeng. The close cooperation between the German professors and deans and the Chinese teachers enabled the university to become a symbol of Chinese cultural identity during the years of war. Thus academic efforts in the fields of Chinese literature, architecture, arts and the education of Chinese clergy served to strengthen the faith in the future of a strong and independent Chinese nation.

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